Original article Biochemistry
Measuring the Concentration of Plasma "Lipid Profile and Iron" in Al-Mustaqbal University College Smokers

Qusay Azeez Hasan; Sabrean Jawad; Emam Atiyah Ibadi; Aliaa Kareem Abdulla; Qassim A. Zigam; Hasanain Kamil Hasan Owadh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 1-6


  In developed countries, the biggest factor leading to death is cigarette smok- ing, where smoking causes cancers, congestive heart diseases, pulmonary diseases, and other diseases. This study was conducted at Al-Mustaqbal University College - Hilla - Iraq, to evaluate the effect of smoking types on lipid ...  Read More ...

Original article Immunology
Novel SNPs of TNF-a and IL-6 that Regulate Serum Level in Obese Patients

Hadeel Abdulhadi Omear

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 7-20


  Background Obesity is an abnormal amount of fats in the body that can result from several factors majorly including environmental and genetic fac- tors. The worldwide prevalence of obesity has increased tremendously in the last three decades and is now considered a global epidemic. Despite the negative ...  Read More ...

Original article Toxicology
Some Trace Elements and Oxidative Stress Status in Patients with Chronic Rheumatoid Arthritis

Noor Kamil Abd Alameer; Haider Abd Jabbar Alammar

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 21-27


  Background Rheumatoid arthritis (R.A.) is a complex polygenic, au- toimmune inflammatory disease. It was disturbing that almost 1-2% of people depended on that geographic spreading worldwide. R.A. can result from the interaction of genetic, environmental, and autoimmunity. It is characterized by non-organ-specific ...  Read More ...

Original article Biochemistry
Role of Routine Markers in the Diagnosis of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Haider Ali Laibi; Abdulkareem M. Jewad; Mohammed Mahdi Salih

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 28-35


  Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease CKD cause different GFR declines (AKI). A gradual, irreversible decline in GFR is a CKD symptom. Diseases impair the kidneys’ ability to concentrate or dilute tubular filtrate, eliminate nitrogenous waste, and maintain acid-base balance. ...  Read More ...

Original article Pharmacology
Correlation of N-terminal fragments of Atrial Natriuretic Neuropeptides (NT-ProANP) with Left Ventricle Ejection Fraction in Cases with Acute Myocardial Infarction

Ali Jihad Hemid Al-Athari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 36-41


  Background This study aimed to assess the correlation of natriuretic neuropeptides (NT-ProANP) with the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with acute myocardial (AMI).Materials and Methods This case-control study composed of 120 pa- tients was recruited from the cardiac center in Babylon, ...  Read More ...

Review article Biochemistry
Accumulation of Toxic Elements Disrupts Metabolic Processes in the Human: Review

Ali Adeeb Hussein Ali

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2023, Page 42-50


  Background Toxic elements are inorganic substances that do not have a physiological or functional role within the human body. Most metabolic processes are disrupted due to their accumulation through prolonged expo- sure to them from the environment. Toxic elements make up an extensive and very toxicologically ...  Read More ...